Underneath the abaya, there’s a different story!

I often get asked the question what do women in Saudi-Arabia wear under the abaya? Doesn’t it get terribly hot under the abaya? How does it feel to be forced to wear abaya? Isn’t it horrible for western women to have to wear abayas everywhere? What are abaya fabrics made of? Do Saudi women follow fashion under the abayas?
There are as many answers as there are women wearing abayas, so I cannot generalize. Also it depends on the weather, varies greatly between the chilly winter months and the intense summer heat.
Mostly people will not know or see what a woman is wearing under her abaya so the good thing to this is, you don’t have to think too much before leaving the house! It’s a relief for the husbands too, no more last minute “what shall I wear” “does this make me look fat” scenarios with the ladies! Also enables shopping in pyjamas if feeling lazy.

Abayas come in various types of fabrics and the woman’s comfort level will be directly related to what kind of quality her abaya is. In addition to the heinous polyester, abayas actually come in really thin lightweight fabrics!

Wearing one of these abayas made from natural materials feels almost as if you are wearing a “breeze” around you. Movement makes the air flow soflty around your body creating ‘air-conditioned’ environment. When the abaya fabric is really thin, it’s good that the color is black or dark. If it were a very light color it would be see-through (like some men’s thobes in the summer)! So the black color enables women to wear very thin fabrics. Some breathable fabrics like cotton, silk, linen and jersey make great abayas, but often they will be more expensive because of the cost of fabric is higher than polyester.

Sometimes in the summer months women will opt for sundresses, shorts, tank tops or even plain bikinis under the abaya. If that’s the case, it’s best to choose a closed abaya model. The one with buttons in the front might pop open if it gets stuck somewhere! For example it might get caught in the escalator, shopping cart or car door, or someone might step on the hem if it’s a long tailing one. Wearing only bikinis is a little risky in my opinion, but I know women who do it anyways. I also know women who have gone out butt naked under the abaya.


In the hottest months a good choice is wearing long dresses and skirts underneath the abaya. They are comfortable and airy in the summer and will cover her legs in case the abaya goes flying up in the air. It’s easier to walk swiftly (as western women usually are accustomed to) in a long skirt + abaya combo compared to pants +abaya which makes the abaya tangle and stick onto the trousers when taking long strides. Long dresses are also a woman’s friend when going shopping and there are no fitting rooms available. Jeans and skirts are easy to try on without having to remove the dress at all. If the only available toilet is an arabic style squatting one, well it’s much easier with a dress than pants!

Contrary to common beliefs, abayas can actually cool the woman wearing it. Abayas made from natural materials actually protect the skin from the dry heat, and thus cool off the body. Naturally if the woman is in direct sunlight with it, she’s going to start cooking after a while. But during the very hot evenings the abaya brings relief from the dry heat. I remember sitting outside with some friends one evening as we wondered how come we only feel the heat on our faces and heads? It was the only uncovered body part that’s why!

Before they invented polyester, abayas were in fact made out of fine goat wool, and other natural materials so it’s understandable why the abaya is compatible with this desert climate. It protects from the suns burning rays, the air dryness, dust and wind and cold.

Wearing the abaya in Jeddah or Dammam is another story though. It’s so humid abayas tend to stick to the skin immidiately when after stepping outside! Summers are absolutely dreadful there in abaya.

In the winter months it can really get chilly, especially during nights the temperatures can drop near zero. Riyadh which is surrounded by desert is one of the coldest places in Saudi. The cold winds are ruthless and somehow penetrate the skin to the bones. One needs to dress accordingly and stack up under the abaya! Sometimes in the coldest days people will opt for a shawl wrapped around the abaya. Others choose wool coats, trench coats and jackets on top of the abaya. Some women do the opposite, they wear thick coats under their abayas resulting in a bulky “Michelin Man” look.
Some conservative Saudi women that cover literally from head to toe will always wear very modest clothing underneath their abayas. I see them alot in the hospital, they will have loose long-sleeved “house dresses” called jallabiya. Their choice of shoes will be closed black shoes with socks and they will also have black gloves so absolutely no skin is showing. Many of these women don’t even remove their head scarves inside and around women.

More liberal Saudis will wear trendy clothes under their abayas. Saudis tend to be very fashion conscious and will don the latest fashion items. The majority of the stores found in western countries can be found in Saudi too. In Riyadh you will find all the most popular western clothing chains like H&M, Lindex, Miss Selfridge, Monsoon, Guess, Mango, Zara, TopShop etc..The famous department store Debenhams can be found in almost all of the largest malls.

The wealthy Saudis and princesses will shop at high end fashions stores like Gucci, Prada or DKNY and the likes. Department stores like Harvey Nichols and Saks Fifth Avenue are popular among the upper class. Those women will typically wear classic designer clothing under their abayas. When going out for dinner parties or weddings these women will have Oscar night worthy evening gowns, racy dresses and elaborate jewellery hidden under their abayas. The cloaks will come off at the women-only events though.

Younger middle class Saudi women might opt to wear the latest trends seen in the western world. Skinny jeans and trendy tops combined with high heels are popular. The latest designer handbag is a must-have accessory with the abaya. Fashionable sunglasses and shoes are other ways for young women to express their   style.

Abayas themselves also have unique trends that vary from region to region and to other Arab countries. In the Riyadh some of the newest trends of abaya are lace inserts and puffy sleeves, large color blocks on the back of the abaya, wide sleeves with beautiful embroidery and abayas made totally of patterned or embroidered fabric.

Certainly, under each abaya there is a unique story..

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  • InaieJuly 4, 2010 - 11:28 am

    Great post. It helps westerns understand a bit more about life in the Gulf, or at least a little more about wearing abbayas…


    • AnnAugust 21, 2018 - 4:55 am

      Wearing one of those Anaya’s but why black. It is so hotReplyCancel

  • LaylahJuly 10, 2010 - 2:11 am

    @ Inaie

    Thanks and welcome to my blog :))
    Expats sometimes get so used to some things that we forget to people back home are very exotic!

    @ your eyes are countries

    Thank you for your compliment and welcome to my blog! Hope to see you around :)ReplyCancel

  • AnonymousSeptember 7, 2010 - 6:43 pm

    Thank God I have found your blog, it is sooo helpful. I am coming to Jeddah in a few days with my family so if you can give me an advise about a dress code for 9 year old daughter. Should she wear an abaya or regular clothes.We are muslims and I wear abaya anyways so there will be no changes for me.
    Thanks a lotReplyCancel

  • LaylahSeptember 8, 2010 - 6:37 am


    Don’t worry for your daughter if she’s only 9 yrs she can wear normal clothing. Usually they would start wearing abaya when they are teenagers.
    Jeddah is very hot and humid at the moment so she will be much more comfortable sans abaya :)

    Just try to pic clothes that are a little bit more conservative, no miniskirts or tanktops etc and she will be fine!ReplyCancel

  • Life of MuslimaJanuary 28, 2011 - 11:12 am

    ooh Thank God i found ur blog,this is really helpful when i go to Saudi one day inshAllah

    Hej fra NorgeReplyCancel

  • LaylahDecember 28, 2011 - 4:36 pm

    Hi there yes it was from Riyadh but under very exceptional circumstances you will never see this on the streets of Riyadh.ReplyCancel

  • AnonymousDecember 28, 2011 - 3:20 pm

    Hi, I am contemplating accepting a job offer in Riyadh. Am still a little unclear on the abaya in regards to western women. Can you tell me if the picture from above with the young ladies was taken in Riyadh?ReplyCancel

  • Cheeky ChicJanuary 28, 2012 - 6:36 am

    It was such an experience going through this post.
    I do not reside in KSA but do wear abaya and veil on regular basis.It is not as hot as KSA here but it does get very very hot in summer. Once one starts wearing it, one gets comfy. Last winter I had to visit Canada and the biggest issue for me was how to maintain it there too.Honestly people!! it is not about the custom or “RULE”,it is more about the the faith and habit we are following..Alhumdullillah I was able to keep up my Hijab and Abaya in Toronto City where I roamed as easily as I could..I did switch to loose long dresses from head to toe at times.But keep the essence alive. Abaya is a dress which doesn’t show your curves. That is all to it.ReplyCancel

  • AnonymousJanuary 15, 2013 - 5:06 pm

    Iam muslimah and inshaAllah moving soon jeddah saudi arabia where my husbant is,iam convert white women from finland.i wear head to toe abaya no hands show no nothing skin but..under my abaya is fashion show:D !” i love colours and sparkling things. So i cant say all women who wear that no skin so dress under it very very modest..not me:PReplyCancel

  • LaylaJanuary 16, 2013 - 12:30 pm

    to anonymous from Finland-hope you don’t get too hot over there, it’s so humid in Jeddah!ReplyCancel

  • AbdulmajeedJuly 28, 2013 - 12:52 am

    The best example of abbaya is included in your topic when you mentioned some women “conservative”, because the purpose of abayya is to cover the dress and the body of the woman. One of the terms of abayya in islam is not to have a fancy color, otherwise it will conflict with the purpose of wearing it. So it can be black or any dark color that is not attractive, it became common to wear the black one since black is the best color to serve this purpose. On the other hand the young ladies are not really wearing abayya”as per the terms of abayya in islam”, i would say they are wearing black dress. In my home my wife wears a dress under abayya always something similar to the blue dress of the bedouin lady. I really like that dress” apart: i like traditional korean dress which is called Hanbok. I left this short comment and hope it is beneficial and clear to understand he abayya.ReplyCancel

  • Sans Abaya in Saudi | Blue AbayaFebruary 13, 2014 - 2:41 pm

    […] wrong. They would ask questions  very common for newbies to ask like: What’s allowed to wear underneath the abaya? Is it ok if the lowest or highest buttons are open? Should I always wear a shayla (head scarf) […]ReplyCancel

  • AthleneFebruary 24, 2014 - 1:14 am

    I’m moving to Riyadh in the next few months and obviously I need to buy an Abaya before I go. Where can I buy a light weight abaya that’s a non-synthetic material? I live in the South West of England.ReplyCancel

  • Jim FiegenschueJune 21, 2016 - 3:47 am

    Thanks for the description of various humidity and temperature and fabrics.ReplyCancel

  • Alison BrowningMay 6, 2018 - 4:37 pm

    I had a friend who wore what a, in the house with female friends and family she wore daring, tight fitting sexy dresses and full make up. I’m seriously heat intolerant and choose linen loose clothing in hot weather. I’d never manage in the heat there dressed in bkack.ReplyCancel

    • Alison BrowningMay 6, 2018 - 4:39 pm

      Oops predictive text wrote waht a not abayaReplyCancel

  • Anusha ShamaJune 3, 2018 - 3:42 pm

    Some times abaya starts flying in wind. I observed a few Saudi ladies wearing nothing under abaya. This is dangerous practice.ReplyCancel

  • MarniMarch 18, 2019 - 2:22 pm

    I am a western woman travelling to Saudi for the first time next week, on business. Really looking forward to it and your advice on what to weae inderneath my abaya is very useful!ReplyCancel

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